Caravanserais are building and palace built as guest houses on trade routes. Caravans are kept at those buildings built by merchants, people gets relaxed and continue on their way. During the Middle Ages, the buildings built to protect the military and borders, and later buildings with trade purposes became used as caravanserais.
In ancient times a large part of the trade routes crossed Azerbaijan, so it was necessary to construct caravanserais here. Except for caravanserais in the city of Baku (as today they are preserved in Old City as historical and architectural monuments), traces of caravanserais preserved till the Armenian occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh. These are those caravanserais having ancient and rich history. Ugurlu bey caravanserai was built in the early XVII century by architect Sheikh Bahaddin Mohammed Amil. The clay-lime mixture and egg whites, red bricks were used in the construction of the building. At present, the building is located in Ganja, Ali
bey Huseynzade street. Caravanserai, one of the oldest historical monuments of Ganja is under restoration. The restoration work carried out by the Construction, Repair and Manufacturing Company with the order of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism will give a new look to the building. It should be noted that, the basis of the historical monument is being strengthened. Pipeline strengthening work is also carried out in the second floor of the building. The roof was also renewed and gave a modern look to the building. The work is being carried out in accuracy by special experts. Culture and Tourism Minister Abulfaz Garayev examined the work carried out in the monument with preserving its antiquity. The work executor Elchin Ahmadzadeh said that the building had been restored with natural materials in order to manintain long term durability. The Caravanserai complex was prepared by Sheikh Bahaddin at the end of 16th and in the beginning of 17th century. Even at that time, there was heating and cooling systems in the historical monument. These systems will be presented as an example of ancient architecture. The restoration work is scheduled to be completed by 2013.