Nizami Ganjavi «Khosrow and Shirin»
A famous tragic Persian romance Khusrow and Shirin The Narrative The essential narrative is a love story of Persian origin. Found in the great epic historical poems of the Shahnameh. Based on historical figures that were elaborated and romanticized by later Persian poets. Variants of the story were also told under the titles «Shirin and Farhad» or «Farhad and Shirin». Retold by countless Sufi poets and writers in several areas, eg. Pakistan.
H ungarian novelist Mor Jokai told the tale under the name of «ShirinFarhad». Standard tale used in Punjabi Kisse.
Put to film five times: 1926, 1931, 1945, 1956 and 1975.Inspiration for 2008 Iranian film, Shirin, made by Abbas Kiarostami.Referenced in the Jonathan Richman song «Shirin and Farhad» What the story is about: Shapur watching a boy take the painting of Khosrow down to Princess Shirin, from Nizami’s Khamsa, 1665-1667 Nizami’s Version When the Seljuq Sultan Arsalan Shah requested a love epic from the poet without specifying the subject further, Nizami picked on the story of lovers Khosrow and Shirin, a theme set in his own region and based on at least partly historical facts, through an aura of legend already surrounded it.
Nizami Ganjavi (1141–1209) himself considered it the sweetest story in the world:
“The tale of Khosraw and Shirin is well known
And by Truth, there is no sweeter story than it.”
Khosrow Parviz (r. 590-628), a real pre-Islamic Iranian king from the Sassanid dynasty
Falls in love at first sight with Shirin after he accidentally spies her bathing in a river; she likewise falls in love with him after she sees a portrait of him that Khosrow had made for that purpose. Marriage of Khosrow and Shirin, Folio from a Khamsa of Nizami. Painting by Shaikh Zada, calligraphy by Sultan Muhammad Nur. Date: 1524-1525 Other Versions of the Tale Hormoz, King of Iran. Named his son Khosrow Parviz.
Good-looking, well-educated, riding, fencing, archery, lived in city of Madaen.
Companion named Shapour, master painter.
Queen of Arman, Shamira, had a niece, the heir to the throne Shirin.
Shabdiz, Shirin’s horse.
Khosrow falls in love, orders Shapour to go to Arman territory.
Shapour gives her a ring and a picture of Khusrow.
Shirin runs away on Shabdiz, travels to Iran, stops to bathe in a pool.
Khosrow arrives in Armenia, warmly received by Shamira.
He rides back to Iran to succeed his father, while Shirin left Arman with Shapour.
Bahram-e-Choobin revolts against Khosrow’s kingdom, defeats Khusrow, who returns yet again to Arman territory.
Finally a meeting, get to know each other, but Shirin refuses to marry him until he reclaims his country. He leaves, angered and dejected.
Asks assistance from Caesar in Constantinople, marries Maryam, beats Choobin, while Shirin becomes Queen but leaves her kingdom.
Milk as sustenance, Farhad the sculpture creates a canal for its transport.
Farhad falls in love with Shirin, Khosrow gets jealous, lies that Shirin is dead, Farhad kills himself, Shirin mourns. Maryam falls ill and dies.
Khosrow becomes intimate with another woman Shekar in Isfahan.
Khosrow quarrels with Shirin, makes up, and they get married.
Shirouyeh, son of Khosrow, imprisons him and kills him, orders Shirin to marry him. She attends Khosrow’s funeral and takes her own life over his shroud. Paintings throughout history depicting the story Shapur showing a portrait of Khosrow to Shirin (Mirza Ali). Signed by Shah Tahmasp’s artists, 1539-1543 Very recent depiction from 2011 — Khosrow comes across Shirin bathing in a pool Khosrow meets Shirin on hunting ground, from Nizami’s Khamsa, 1665-1667 Khosrow kills a lion outside Shirin’s tent, from Nizami’s Khamsa, 1665-1667 Farhad recounts his adventures to Princess Shirin, Deccani School, 1722 Khosrow fights Bahram Choobin in Battle Shirouyeh stabs Khosrow with a knife