The territory of Gabala region is rich with mountain lakes. A prominent pedagogue Rashid Bey Afandiyev teaching in Gutgashin school (present Gabala secondary school № 1) in 1882-1890 got interested in the lakes of this region and published an article under the name of “Nohur golu” (“Nohur lake”). In 1935 limnologist A.H.Alizada and in 1960 R.B.Tarver
diyev and Kh.S.Zamanov investigated the lakes of Great Caucasus, including the lakes of Gabala region.
Majority of the lakes in the territory of Gabala region are located in Damiraparan river basin on 2300-3380 height from the ocean level. Number of such lakes, located in the cavities and intermountain troughs made by mountain glaciers (of glacier origin) in the IV period of glaciation, are about 10. In high-water period, their area changes between 0.1-3.8 ha. The main lakes which feed Damiraparan river and its branches are the followings: Tufanghol- is located on 3 277 m height from the sea level, 4 km in the north from the left branch of Tufanchay, which is the left tributary of Damiraparan river. Tufanghol, which is a lake of moraine origin, is surrounded with mountains. It is a lake of fresh water fed with snow and glacier waters. The length of the lake is 160 m, the width is 125 m, and total area in high-water period reaches to 3.8 ha. The water of Tufanghol, the depth of which is about 5.6 m, is transparent in summer months and the bottom of the lake until 2 m is clearly seen. The temperature of the water in the lake is more than +10 0 in July. The weather in the surrounding area of Tufanghol, which is located in the north border of the mountain plateaus of the region, is cloudy, snowy, and stormy for 8-9 months. Sometimes snow cover remains unthawed during all year round. Nomadic cattle-breeders (local people), who know these places well, call Tufanghol ‘Nuhun golu’ (‘Noah’s lake”).
According to the legend, the broken fragments of Noah’s ark were met on the shore of this lake. But the names of Tufan dagh (‘Stormy mountain’),”Tufan chay” (“Stormy river”) and “Tufan ghol” (“Stormy lake”) most likely are related with severe, stormy, windy nature of this territory.