The history of Azerbaijan ‘s statehood is approximately 5 thousand years old. The first state bodies on the territory of Azerbaijan appeared in late 4,000 — early 3,000 BC. In 1,000 BC there existed Manna, Iskim, Skit, Scyth and such strong states as the Caucasian Albania and Atropatena. These states played a big role in strengthening the culture of government, in the history of economic culture of the country as well as in the uniform nation formation. In the 3rd century AD Azerbaijan was occupied by the empire of Iranian Sasanids and in the 7th century by Arabian Khalifat. The invaders populated the country with numerous Iranians and Arabs. With the introduction of Islamic religion in the 7th century there occurred the important breakthrough in the history of Azerbaijan . Islam greatly facilitated the formation of uniform nation, language, customs and etc. among Turkic and not Turkic peoples on the territory of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan witnessed new political development: on Azerbaijan lands united by Islam the states of Sadzhids, Shirvanshahs, Salarids, Ravvadidso and Sheddadids were established. It was the beginning of the Renaissance of Azerbaijan history. Late 15th — early 16th might be considered as the new milestone in the history of Azerbaijan . An outstanding statesman Shakh Ismail Hatai managed to unite all northern and southern Azerbaijani lands under hi rule. As result Sefevid state with capital in the city of Tabriz was created which later turned into one of the most powerful empires in the Middle East.
Upon arrival to International airport of Baku the tourist will be meted by representative of Azerbaijan Adventures after meeting we will take road to the hotel. Upon arrival to the hotel we will have check in to the hotel and have a free time.
Start exploring Baku. Panorama of the city presented to the height of the mountainous part of a television tower clearly gives an idea of the contrasts and the extent of Baku, the horseshoe bay of Baku. The city is shaped like an amphitheater, descending down to the Caspian Sea. Tour covers the central part of the city showing the most interesting historical and architectural sites. Visiting of «Old Town” or “Inner City”. The territory of”Inner City” — 22 hectares, which represents a small fraction of the total area of Baku (44,000 hectares). However, the concentration of architectural and historical monuments, dictates the need for this excursion into a separate and make this part of Baku, perhaps the most interesting to explore. Maiden Tower (XII century), Palace of Shirvanshahs (XV century), Castle Synyk Gala, Caravan Saray, Juma Mosque — this is not a complete list of attractions of the old Baku.
Baku — Nakhchivan
Departure from Baku airport to Nakhchivan. Your journey in the insulated Enclave of Azerbaijan. Nakhchivan keyed, known as the land of Noah is, between Armenia and Iran and shares no land border with Azerbaijan. The Access is only by plane. Landing in the airport of Nakhchivan and transfer to hotel. After you could rest a bit, you start with the visit of Nakhchivan: visit etc. the monument Momina Khatun from the 12th Century, the grave Yusif Ibn Kuseyir, a carpet museum, and the Khan’s House, the former home of the ruler Nakhchiwans Rahim Khan. After lunch drive to the village Garabaghlar Sharur in the region where the Monument to the 12th Century. Continue to Mount Agri (The Biblical Mountain of Noah’s Ark), from where you can see up to 50 kilometers. Subsequently Next trip to the Salt Mine Hospital. Transfer to hotel.
Nakhchivan City Tour
Drive along the colored Rocky Mountains in a unique landscape in the Ordubad region. Visit the monuments of this region and the Historical Museum. After lunch in Ordubad go to the hot springs. Daridagh in the Julfa region. Visit on the way back to Nakhchivan Asabu mentioned in the Quran Kahf cave. Transfer to hotel.
Nakhchivan – Batabat — Baku
Today you will drive to Batabat in a unique uninhabited plateau in the Shahbuz region. A beautiful landscape with forests, mountains, lakes expect with floating islands and sources with ice cold clear water them. Normally the temperatures in this region are very cold. Lunch in Batabat and drive back to Nakhchivan for shopping. in After dinner transfer to airport for return flight to Baku. Approx. 22:00 clock arrival in Baku. Transfer to hotel.
Baku — Absheron peninsula
Today after breakfast our guide will be waiting on reception in hotel. We will start our tour with excursion to Temple of Fire in Surakhani Ateshgah. Ateshgah — is a very especial place full of mystery. It bears the evidences of worship to Zoroaster. Here in these walls ancient monotheistic religion started to develop. This great temple is located on unique territory. Hindu community who inhabited Baku created a great monument devoted to their God. Time changed many things but nowadays tourists still could see real phenomenon embodied in natural gas burning. Because of this wonder, sometimes this temple is called “burning mountain — Yanardagh”. After Islam became an official religion, this temple was broken. But merchants from India wished to renew this monument. These well-known chapels and caravanserai appeared again. Today temple looks like long ago. Burning gas is still in this place like in past times. It emphasizes unusual atmosphere. Near Ateshgah each can observe a big hole. Tourists could see a body of Hindus in it. You should ride a little distance from the Baku city to get here. Many tourists come here on excursions. Here you could feel especial atmosphere. You’ll save your memories about this visit for long time. Ateshgah impresses with its long history. Then we will take road to Ethnographic Reserve GALA. Gala village is located about 40 minutes from Baku. Before him , few people knew and thought , but in recent years the popularity of this small village has become huge. And the reason is simple — someone came up with a great idea to do an archaeological site museum under the open sky. Coming to the museum , you feel caught in the olden days. Historical significance landmarks confirm that these places were ancient human settlements. » Bairamali hamam » was known in ancient times as » Hamam Bay .» Attributable to XII-XIV centuries this hamam in 1881 was also reconstructed person named Bayram . » Gum hamam » ( «Sand Bath» ) , located on a high hill , a long attention was not given proper attention . Attributable to XII-XIV centuries » Gum hamam » was discovered during archaeological excavations . » Gum hamam » ( «Sand Bath» ) was so named because of what was under the ground. Of particular interest is the «Shore hamam » ( «Salt Bath» ) There is a place where nature gas always burns. Visit Apsheron Peninsula and you’ll see there a beautiful burning rock that make people come here and look at this mysterious phenomenon. This place is located near Baku so having your excursion there use an opportunity to visit Yanar Dag. Long ago this peninsula was a center of Zoroastrianism religion. The flames of this rock could rise above on 10 feet. People call this peninsula “land of fire”. This fire rock impresses more when sun goes down. Its fire blazes light the darkness and we you could feel a real magic atmosphere as gods descend to earth from heavens. Even when it rains or snows the fire continues to burn. Tourists who came here call this phenomenon like “torches from nowhere”. This place attracted many famous travelers. Marco Polo and even Dyuma came here to have a look at this burning rock. . Overnight in hotel in Baku
Baku – Guba — Baku
Trip to Guba. Taking the Beshbarmaq Mountain, a sacred place and a popular destination for the locals. Then you will visit the Juma Guba mosque in the old bath houses and the Jewish Quarter Krasnaya Sloboda «Red settlement.» Lunch at a local cafe in Gachrash Woods and then visit the Guba Genocide Memorial Complex. Check in at the hotel in Gachrash. Return to Baku.
Baku — Shamakhi — Lahij — Sheki
After breakfast drive to Shamakhy district. Visit the town of Shemakha, Diri Baba Tomb and Yeddi Gumbez. Shemakha was the capital of Shirvan Kingdom for several centuries.Yeddi Gumbaz (The Seven Cupolas) Mausoleum is the burial place for members of the royal families of the Shirvan shahs. Road to Ismailly city. Visit famous Lahij village in Ismayilly district. Many of the 2,000 people living in Lahij are involved in ancient crafts such as engraved copper work and carpet weaving. In the mid-19th century, there were more than 200 workshops in Lahij. Traders discovered Lahij crafts many centuries ago, and sold them for high prices at bazaars in Baghdad [now Iraq], Shiraz [now Iran] and other Middle Eastern cities. Stop by a copper workshop for a impromptu lesson in ancient craftsmanship you’ll get to see coppersmiths use small mallets to decorate plates, trays, jugs, goblets and pitchers, just as their ancestors have done for centuries. Arrival to Sheki Check in at the hotel.
Sheki — Kish — Baku
Visits of Sheki. Sheki is one of the most famous and ancient places of Azerbaijan. Situated 700 m (2297 ft.) above sea level like an amphitheatre surrounded by the mountains and forests of oak trees, this ancient city was long famed as a silk centre and an important stop on the Great Silk Route. There is an assumption that the name of the town goes back to the ethnonym of the Saks, who reached the territory of Azerbaijan in the 7th century BC. We’ll start our Sheki tour from visiting the 18th century Khan’s summer palace with magnificent frescos and exquisite stained glass work. Sheki History museum is famous with artifacts from several periods. Transfer to hotel.
Breakfast in he hotel. Transfer to the airport in Baku and scheduled flights from Baku to home.