Architecture is a system of buildings and structures that forms the space and environment for human life and activity. This is the art of creating buildings and facilities in accordance with the laws of beauty. The folk architecture was developed in the history along with monumental architecture. The folk architecture reflecting the lifestyle and aesthetic views of nation to which it belongs, has been a source of endless creativity. Since ancient times as Baku was one the ancient cities not only in the Caucasus, but also in the Middle East for its history, so there were many historical and architectural monuments of different periods. As these monuments combines the eastern and western architectural styles at the highest level, it were always attractive, Azerbaijan has many famous architects. For example Ajami Nakhchivani, Gasim bey Hajıbababeyov, Safikhan Garabaghi, Mikail Huseynov, Masud Amiraddin Nakhchivani and others. Baku has become one of the centers of world architecture. To become familiar with these historical and architectural monuments we bring them to your attention.
Arrival to the capital of Azerbaijan Baku city. Our representative of www.azerbaijanadventures.com will meet you in the international airport name of Haydar Aliyev. During the transfer to hotel guide will give you some information about Azerbaijan. Upon arrival to Baku check in to the hotel (13:00 check in time). After check in the tourist will have free time. Overnight in hotel in Baku.
Start exploring Baku. Panorama of the city presented to the height of the mountainous part of a television tower clearly gives an idea of the contrasts and the extent of Baku, the horseshoe bay of Baku. The city is shaped like an amphitheater, descending down to the Caspian Sea. Tour covers the central part of the city showing the most interesting historical and architectural sites. Visiting of «Old Town” or “Inner City”. The territory of ”Inner City” — 22 hectares, which represents a small fraction of the total area of Baku (44,000 hectares). However, the concentration of architectural and historical monuments, dictates the need for this excursion into a separate and make this part of Baku, perhaps the most interesting to explore. Maiden Tower (XII century), Palace of Shirvanshahs (XV century), Castle Synyk Gala, Caravan Saray, Juma Mosque — this is not a complete list of attractions of the old Baku.
Lunch in Caravan Serai Restaurant.
Carpet Museum — A new carpet museum designed in the form of a rolled carpet will open in the Baku seaside park (boulevard) by the end of 2012. The Azerbaijan Ministry of Culture and Tourism said the four-storied building will be the first museum complex in Azerbaijan. Carpet-weaving art is one of the ancient crafts in Azerbaijan. For centuries the Land of Fire has been famous for its unique carpets, which nowadays are exhibited in many world museums — in the Louvre in Paris, in the Hermitage in Saint-Petersburg, in the Victoria and Albert in London, in the Textile in Washington, in the Topkapi in Istanbul, and others. In November 2010 the Azerbaijani carpet was proclaimed a Masterpiece of Intangible Heritage by UNESCO. Dinner in « Chang Gala restaurant » Overnight in Baku.
After breakfast we will visit explore modern architecture monuments of Baku. National Flag Squere — President Ilham Aliyev signed an order on establishment of National Flag Square in Baku on November 17, 2007. The same day, the President signed another order to declare November 9 as the National Flag Day. The foundation stone for the National Flag Square was laid on December 30 2007 with the participation of President Ilham Aliyev. The inauguration ceremony opening of the National Flag Square took place on 1 September 2010. On an area of 60 hectares created the entire infrastructure. The height of the flagpole installed in the area is 162 meters. Total weight — 220 tons. Width of the flag is 35, length — 70 meters, total area — 2450 square meters, and weight — about 350 pounds. May 29, 2010 the organization «Guinness World Records» has confirmed that the flagpole of the State flag of Azerbaijan is the highest in the world.
Flame Towers — Baku Flame Towers is a striking new addition to the skyline of Baku. Located atop a hill on the Caspian Sea overlooking Baku Bay and the old city center, the three towers were inspired by Azerbaijan’s ancient history of fire worshipping, and will illuminate the city and act as an eternal flame for modern Baku. The goal of the project was to create a low-resolution media façade to display video content, while integrating inconspicuous lighting fixtures into existing architecture. To meet the project requirements, Traxon created a special fixture, to be installed behind the buildings’ windows and give the allusion of ribbons of light. The main challenge of this project was the varying window dimensions, and that the maximum gap between fixture and window frame needed to be less than 50mm. With a flexible mounting solution and intelligent calculation, the project team reduced the overall amount of needed fixtures to only 16 different modular lengths. The entire three-tower installation is controlled by an e:cue Lighting Control Engine fx (LCE-fx) running Emotion, and Video Micro Converters (VMCs). Typically displaying burning flames, the intelligent control system allows for simple lighting show changes to reflect additional animations and graphics for special events, such as the recent 2012 Eurovision Song Contest
Lunch in « Mugam Club »
Yeni Hayat — Yeni Hayat Residence complex commissioned in the year 2004 is one of the most successful projects realized by Yeni Hayat. The said complex covering 11,637 square meters is located in the most prestigious territory of Narimanov district that is one of the most popular residential settlements of Baku city. Yeni Hayat Residence includes 16-storey residential building consisting of 2 blocks, 3 trade outlets and closed parking area. Every detail has been taken into account for welfare of residents: centralized ventilation and conditioning systems, energy efficiency system, electric generator for uninterrupted power supply, regular hot and cold water supply, a modern water filtration system and other services.
Cultural Center Heydar Aliyev — The process of democracy and efficient nation building, formation of civil society, conducting profound political and economic reforms in Azerbaijan, as well as the country’s rapid development and recognition throughout the world is inseparably linked with Heydar Aliyev, the national leader of Azerbaijan. The modern nation building process based on the strong foundation of deeply rooted national values, unification of the nation around a commonly-shared idea of the Azerbaijanihood ideology constitutes the fundamentals of Heydar Aliyev’s policy. Despite the fact that Heydar Aliyev’s ideological foundations aiming at the support and promotion of the Azerbaijani language, history, culture, national and spiritual values are strongly upheld in today’s Azerbaijan, there was a necessity for an overall management of activities in this realm. This was the reason for the foundation of the Heydar Aliyev Center pursuant to Decree No.1886 issued by the President of Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev on December 29, 2006.
FIELDS OF ACTIVITIES
In the meantime, the Heydar Aliyev Center cooperates with similar international institutions involved in a broad array of projects in science, education, culture, sports, ecology and other fields. The Center is already recognized as a venue for international conferences, forums and exhibitions. Dinner in Dalida Restaurant. Overnight in Baku.
Gobustan — Baku
Today after breakfast our guide will be waiting on reception in hotel. Excursion to Gobustan. Gobustan geographical region is situated in East Azerbaijan and borders on the southern slope of Big Caucasus ridge in the north, Pirsaat River in the west, Harami and Mishov mountains in the south, the Caspian Sea and Absheron peninsula in the east. Gobustan — is an archaeological reserve in Azerbaijan, south of Baku, in Garadagh and Absheron regions, representing a plain located between the south- eastern slope of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and the Caspian Sea , and part of which is a cultural landscape of rock carvings , located in the 537 hectares. Gobustan monuments are divided into two groups: 1) petroglyphs and 2 ) ancient sites and other facilities. Gobustan mountains under the names Boyukdash , Kichikdash Djingirdag , Shongardag Shyhgaya and focused evidence about the inhabitants of the region of the Stone Age and subsequent periods — carvings , parking rights, tombstones and other drawings were found at three locations on a rocky plateau, and found here once inhabited caves traces of settlements and tombs indicate that the densely populated area between the Upper Palaeolithic and the Middle Ages.
Khazar Island — «Khazar Islands New City» project will be constructed on artificial archipelago, will consist of 3 thousand hectares area, 50 different-sized islands and 19 micro regions. Parameters of project: 8 km long and 3 km in width, general area of project will be 24 km². Project author «Avesta Concern» started to construction works one year ago. Nowadays, one of the bridges and islands has already been constructed, which will be used for entrance to island. Opening one of the restaurants is expected to be with the participation of the president of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev. Construction general area will be 30 million m². Residential areas 22 million m², 4 million m² trade and business centers, other 4 million m² will be for hotels, residences and apartments. Nowadays, one of 4 big islands is in the construction process, which will consist of approximately 6-7 large apartment buildings. About 100 000 inhabitant will be able to live in this island. In general city will be able to meet about 400 000 permanent residents and about 200 000 tourists. Coming to city will be able with all kind of transportation as plane, helicopter, boat and car. For traveling between islands-cars, boats and trams will be used. 3 trams consisting of wagons will be used in transportation. There will be no traffic lights because of roads design; roads will not cross each other what means there will not be any need for traffic light. Pedestrian crossings which are intended to be located in every 250 m will make easy pedestrians movements. Entry and exit to city will provide by special map. For keeping weather clean the car use in city will be limited to maximum level. There intended to be garage in under each building also there will be huge parking space in zone of city entrance, coming people to city can leave their cars in parking spaces and move and travel in city with trams or boats. While entrance to city cars should be clean. External (other) cars entrance to city will be chargeable (an hour-10 AZN). Our aim — is to limit cars movement here and to stimulate trams and bicycle activity. Population number of «Khazar Island New City» could be compared with the biggest regions of our country — about 800 000 permanent residents and 200 000 tourists. «Khazar Islands New City» will be managed by «Avesta Concern». Lunch in Darya Restaurant. Cruise on the Baku Bay
National Gymnastics Arena — The National Gymnastics Arena was designed to host Rhythmic and Artistic Gymnastics at international competition level. It will be a venue for the 2014 European Championships and the 2015 European Games as well as being the permanent home of the Azerbaijan National Gymnastics team. A striking stadium development, on the main road from the airport into the city, it provides seating for 9,000 spectators along with world class training facilities and on-site accommodation for visiting competitors. Gross Internal Area: 40,000 SM. Dinner in Shirvan Shakh restaurant. Overnight in Baku.
Breakfast at the hotel. 12:00 check out from the hotel. Depend on transfer time transfer to the airport.