Welcome to Azerbaijan! This itinerary starts and ends in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan is one of the six independent Turkic states in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest,, and Iran to the south.
Upon arrival to Azerbaijan Georgia border on Lagodekhi the tourist will be meted by representative of Phoenix Tour (www.azerbaijanadventures.com) after meeting we will take road to Sheki. On road Excursion to the village Kish. Village Kish famous for its huge Christian architectural monument. This is Albanian church which history goes back to 6th-7th centuries. An ancient cemetery is located near the temple. All burial places are under the glass cupola. Looking through it you can see remains of ancient humans. They impress with their height. Sometimes they appear to be 2,5 meter or higher. ncient Albanian people were giants with white skin. Their hair was golden. They looked unlike modern Caucasian nations. That’s why sometimes this village is called like “land of Atlants”. Overnight in Sheki
An excursion to Sheki will bring you a good portion of joy. This is the oldest city in Azerbaijan. In ancient times people sold silk here. It was famous among merchants from the Great Silk Road. Sheki has a big History museum where tourist could investigate artifacts from different periods. Another interesting place is Khan’s summer Palace. It has wonderful facades decorated with floral motives. Interior design of it impresses even more. Here you can see different frescoes painted by the best craftsman. Some of them feature flowers, while another give us a picture of ancient hunting or scenes of battles. To build a palace masters used bricks, river stones and oak. It has 6 rooms. You can also see two beautiful mirrored balconies here. In other decoration rare colored Venetian glass is used. All rooms in this palace have especial decorations. We can find here refined miniatures featuring birds, animals, paradise scenes. All these paintings were made with bright colors. This building shows us that even in 17th century wall-painting was rather developed. The first floor of this palace shows the richness and powerful reign of khans. A great number of animals and hunting motives on the walls are thought to be symbols of nobility. In ancient times the palace was surrounded by beautiful garden. Nowadays we see only two big trees here.
After drive to Baku. On road excursion in Shemakha. Fisrt we will visit the second biggest mosque in Shemakha Juma Mosque. Azerbaijan has many secrets that are able to express the ancient beauty. Shamakhi is an especial city among the others. Long ago it was a capital of well-known Shirvan Empire. Here representatives of Shirvan Dynasty lived. Nowadays Shamakhi is thought to be a place with very developed winemaking. Visiting this city you have an opportunity to observe an outstanding mausoleum called Yeddi Gumbez. Its magnificent domes rise above the silent and lonesome landscapes and create mysterious atmosphere. Then in Shamakhi you can find an interesting architecture Diri Baba. This is a famous tomb place. Its architectural complex bears a clear evidence of the middle ages. Diri Baba was built on the rock and look like a big eagle nest. To investigate it you must be strong as you should climb a straight wall. But after you do it, you’ll see a sacred place from inside. Before we come up closer to it we see only one facade but the other sides are hidden in cliffs. The monument has two stores. Scientists say that the first one could be used by servants. The salon is in the second floor. You could get there using stairs. The tourists have different opinions about this monument. One thinks it to be a real sacred place while another see it as a simple burial place.
Then drive to Baku. Check in to the hotel. Overnight in Baku
Today after breakfast our guide will be waiting on reception in hotel. Excursion to Gobustan. Gobustan geographical region is situated in East Azerbaijan and borders on the southern slope of Big Caucasus ridge in the north, Pirsaat River in the west, Harami and Mishov mountains in the south, the Caspian Sea and Absheron peninsula in the east. Gobustan — is an archaeological reserve in Azerbaijan, south of Baku, in Garadagh and Absheron regions, representing a plain located between the south- eastern slope of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and the Caspian Sea , and part of which is a cultural landscape of rock carvings , located in the 537 hectares. Gobustan monuments are divided into two groups: 1) petroglyphs and 2 ) ancient sites and other facilities. Gobustan mountains under the names Boyukdash, Kichikdash Djingirdag , Shongardag Shyhgaya and focused evidence about the inhabitants of the region of the Stone Age and subsequent periods — carvings , parking rights, tombstones and other drawings were found at three locations on a rocky plateau, and found here once inhabited caves traces of settlements and tombs indicate that the densely populated area between the Upper Palaeolithic and the Middle Ages.
After excursion in Gobustan we will start to discover Baku city. Sightseeing tour of Baku with a visit and tour of the monumental, historical and architectural monuments of the city: you will see a panorama of the city of Baku Bay and the Upland Park.
Then follows the visiting of the old city *Icheri sheher-the inner city*. Icheri sheher means the inner city. It was called the inner after the oil boom of the middle of the XIX century when the city stopped to hold in defense walls and left its limit. Several tens of the historical- architectural monuments at the same time the Shirvanshakhs Palace, the symbol of Baku city The Maiden Tower, the place of merchants rest Karavansaray are concentrated in the Icheri sheher, with the square of 22 hectares. Icheri sheher is the live organism which has its own infrastructure and inhabited files. The place where 1300 families are living. In a word it is an ancient city in the modern city. Evening walk along the central streets of the city and updated fountain square, shopping. Overnight in Baku
Breakfast at the hote. Free time. Depend on departure time transfer to the airport.