Spend your May Holidays in Azerbaijan. Today, we would like to talk about a miraculous country of Azerbaijan with its unlimited natural resources, centuries-old culture, history and ancient people, whose lifestyle presents a unique and harmonious combination of the traditions and ceremonies of different cultures and civilizations. Azerbaijan is a geographical name. On the one hand this name is linked with the population, which lived in this region for thousand of years before our era, and who were mostly fire-worshippers. Local population considered that fire was their God and so they worshipped the fire. «Azer» means fire. The Turkic name «Azer» was used for this territory for a long time. The word «Azer» consists of two parts — «az» and «er». In Turkic languages, «az» means a good intention and a fate of success. Thus, the word «Azer» means «a brave man», «a brave boy», «the fire keeper». The word «Azerbaijan» originates from the name of an ancient Turkish tribe, who resided in those territories.
Arrival to the capital of Azerbaijan Baku city. Our guide will meet you in the international airport name of Haydar Aliyev. During the transfer to hotel guide will give you some information about Azerbaijan. Upon arrival to Baku check in to the hotel (13:00 check in time). After check in the tourist will have free time. Overnight in hotel in Baku.
Today after breakfast our guide will be waiting on reception in hotel. Excursion to Gobustan. Gobustan — fairyland, which is located on the territory of one of the world’s cradles, in Azerbaijan, in 60 km to the South from Baku). Gobustan covers three areas in semi-arid areas, on a rocky plateau in the Central part of Azerbaijan. Pass the century and the Millennium, but for the spirits, and keeps the history of the land of hills and ravines, which means the name of the place, the time is passing by sand blown in the wind, perfecting mountainous terrain of the National Park of Azerbaijan (National Park)included in the world heritage list of UNESCO. The stones of Gobustan has entertained many things: the origin of civilizations, sites of ancient people, Roman Legionnaires, the sanctuary, the aliens. And all that is somehow appeared before the eyes of the ancient man, reflected in artistic images, captured on the rock paintings — petroglyphs: hunting scenes, images of flora and fauna, ships and boats, battles and everyday moments of life. Collection of Rock Art Cultural Landscape has more than 6000 rock carvings, showing at least about 40,000-year history of Gobustan: remains of dwelling caves with stands of ancient people and burial are calculated from the era of the early Paleolithic to the middle ages. Gobustan is a unique values of the area, since nowhere in the world there is no such obvious density evidence of ancient life.
Sightseeing tour of Baku with a visit of the monumental, historical and architectural monuments of the city: you will see a panorama of the city of Baku Bay and the Upland Park. To touch the history of the country people must investigate its oldest places. Start the excursion through Baku from Icheri Sheher. It meens inner city. There is an opinion that Old City with Maiden Tower was built in 12th century. Other scientists say that this monumental complex was created not earlier as 7th century. Nobody know exactly how old these pieces of architecture are, but they remain the main part of modern Baku. This place has two gates. Having a walk about this territory you can notice Shirvanshah’s Palace – a rather clear evidence of the past time in Baku city. It takes us back in time when Shirvanshahs dynasty ruled here. A magnificent look of this Palace impresses modern tourists. Karavansaray will help you to know Eastern architecture as it is an important example of it. In ancient times all eastern cities had several caravanserais. They were traditionally built on trade routes between two different parts of Eurasian continent – Europe and Asia. It was a place where merchants and travelers could stay for rest. In Inner City tourists could also observe pagan temples that render the atmosphere of far gone days. A museum in Maiden Tower helps to learn some facts from historical evolution of Baku. This Tower looks like a cylindrical structure with eight stores. Overnight in hotel in Baku
Absheron Peninsula Tour
Today after breakfast our guide will be waiting on reception in hotel. We will start our tour with excursion to Temple of Fire in Surakhani Ateshgah. Ateshgah — is a very especial place full of mystery. It bears the evidences of worship to Zoroaster. Here in these walls ancient monotheistic religion started to develop. This great temple is located on unique territory. Hindu community who inhabited Baku created a great monument devoted to their God. Time changed many things but nowadays tourists still could see real phenomenon embodied in natural gas burning. Because of this wonder, sometimes this temple is called “burning mountain — Yanardagh”. After Islam became an official religion, this temple was broken. But merchants from India wished to renew this monument. These well-known chapels and caravanserai appeared again. Today temple looks like long ago. Burning gas is still in this place like in past times. It emphasizes unusual atmosphere. Near Ateshgah each can observe a big hole. Tourists could see a body of Hindus in it. You should ride a little distance from the Baku city to get here. Many tourists come here on excursions. Here you could feel especial atmosphere. You’ll save your memories about this visit for long time. Ateshgah impresses with its long history. Then we will take road to Ethnographic Reserve GALA. Gala village is located about 40 minutes from Baku. Before him , few people knew and thought , but in recent years the popularity of this small village has become huge. And the reason is simple — someone came up with a great idea to do an archaeological site museum under the open sky. Coming to the museum , you feel caught in the olden days. Historical significance landmarks confirm that these places were ancient human settlements. » Bairamali hamam » was known in ancient times as » Hamam Bay .» Attributable to XII-XIV centuries this hamam in 1881 was also reconstructed person named Bayram . » Gum hamam » ( «Sand Bath» ) , located on a high hill , a long attention was not given proper attention . Attributable to XII-XIV centuries » Gum hamam » was discovered during archaeological excavations . » Gum hamam » ( «Sand Bath» ) was so named because of what was under the ground. Of particular interest is the «Shore hamam » ( «Salt Bath» ) There is a place where nature gas always burns. Visit Apsheron Peninsula and you’ll see there a beautiful burning rock that make people come here and look at this mysterious phenomenon. This place is located near Baku so having your excursion there use an opportunity to visit Yanar Dag. Long ago this peninsula was a center of Zoroastrianism religion. The flames of this rock could rise above on 10 feet. People call this peninsula “land of fire”. This fire rock impresses more when sun goes down. Its fire blazes light the darkness and we you could feel a real magic atmosphere as gods descend to earth from heavens. Even when it rains or snows the fire continues to burn. Tourists who came here call this phenomenon like “torches from nowhere”. This place attracted many famous travelers. Marco Polo and even Dyuma came here to have a look at this burning rock. . Overnight in hotel in Baku
Departure to airport
Today after breakfast will be free time. Depend on departure time our bus will take you to International airport of Heydar Aliyev. Departure home.