The Talysh number about 200.000, of which 130.000 live in the south-east of the Republic of Azerbaijan, near the Iranian border in and around Lenkoran, Astara and Lerik. The rest of the Talysh live across the border in the Iranian province of Gilan, in a long strip of territory along the Caspian coast, from Astara to the Rasht area. They occupy a land of sharp contrasts, ranging from the high, forested Talysh Mountains, to the subtropical coastal land along the Caspian Sea. Often the Talysh populated area is referred as Talyshtan. The Talysh refer to themselves as ‘Talushon’, and speak an Indo-Iranian language that is also called Talysh. Although all of the Talysh groups speak their native language, most are also bilingual, speaking Azeri, Russian or Farsi. The Talysh have lived in the southwest Caspian Sea region for thousands of years. They came under Turkish influence during the Middle Ages, but established their own khanate in the 17th century, with capital first in Astara and later in Lenkoran. Flag of the Talysh National MovementIn the early 19th century the Talysh of present day Azerbaijan fell under Russian control, which continued until 1991, when Azerbaijan succeeded from the Soviet Union. Today, the Talysh face the same dilemma as the Central Asian peoples as they attempt to decide whether to follow Islamic traditions of the past, or the Western culture and technology of the present. Azerbaijan — Qumbasi — Masalli Rayonu: Lankaran Tea Lady welcomes you to Lankaran region (photo by F.MacLachlan)The majority of the Talysh are farmers. In some areas, rice is the primary crop; in other, wheat and barley are grown. Tea and citrus fruits are raised in the lowlands near the Caspian Sea. Many of the Talysh living in the lowlands cultivate fresh produce, including garlic, onions, pumpkins, melons, peas and grapes. But not all Talysh are farmers, some have become skilled craftsmen. Their primary handicrafts include the production of silk, rugs, and felt. Some work with tin, make shoes, or design jewellery.
Arrival to Baku International Airport and departure from Baku to Lankaran. Arrival to Salyan region and excursion to Shirvan National Park in Salyan region. Shirvan National Park was established in July 2003 in an area of 54 373, 5 hectares. It is a part of specially protected site with an overall area of 65589 hectares on the south-eastern plain of the Kura-Araz lowland which also includes, Shirvan State Nature Reserve having an area of 6232 hectares and Bandovan State Natural Sanctuary with an area of 4930 hectares. Departure from Salyan and arrival in Masalli region. Excursion to hot-water treatment Massali district familiarity with tourism and recreation center. Arrival to Lankaran and accommodation in AB Qala Hotel Lankaran 4*. Night in Lankaran
Breakfast in the hotel. Lankaran city tour. Lankaran is located in the south-eastern part of Azerbaijan on the Caspian Sea. This is one of the brightest and most beautiful cities in the country. Exquisite architecture, a wonderful climate and beautiful natural landscapes are the hallmarks of this city. The fertile soil serves to the prosperity of agriculture, the presence of hot springs attracts tourists and people who want to improve their health and a long history and an abundance of historical and cultural attractions do not leave fans of Antiquities indifferent. Excursion to Lankaran Fortress Gates, Hazi Aslanov house museum ( second world war hero ), The building of the lighthouse and circular tower. Excursion to Hirkan National Park. Hirkan National Park was established in 09 February 2004. The National Park is located on the shores of the Caspian Sea in the southeast of Azerbaijan. By the Decree dated on 23 april 2008 of the Prezident of Azerbaijan the area of Hirkan National park was enlarged to 40358 hectares. The park encompasses a virgin part of the Talish Mountains which are distinguished for its unique natural components. The mission of the National Park is to ensure the conservation of relict and endemic plant species of the Tertiary period, the protection of typical flora and fauna representatives of this area listed in the Red Data Book of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the implementation of environmental monitoring, public environmental education as well as creating conditions for research, tourism and recreation. Tea plantations, citrus planting area and is a symbol of Lankaran «Hot spring» familiarity with. Back to the hotel and free time
Discovering Talish mountains — Tour to Lerik
Today after breakfast our guide will be waiting on reception in hotel. Departure to the Lerik region. Located near the Iranian border, between tall mountains and the agricultural plain, Lerik is mainly famous for the longevity of some of its citizens. It holds the world record of human longevity: a chap called Shirali Baba Muslimov, born in the village of Barzavu, who is claimed to have died at the respectable age of 168! Like Muslimov the population of the Lerik ‘rayon’ is mostly Talysh (Indo-Iranian group — population is spread across both sides of the border). Arrival to Lerik and excursion to long-livers museum, museum of the history of Lerik and Maiden Tower in Lerik mountains. Back to the hotel and free time
Departure to airport
Breakfast in the hotel. Check out from the hotel and departure to Baku International Airport name of Haydar Aliyev. End of the tour